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NASA Images
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On January 28, 1986, the Space Shuttle Challenger and her seven-member crew were lost when a ruptured O-ring in the right Solid Rocket Booster caused an explosion soon after launch. After the accident, search and recovery teams worked for months to bring debris from the Shuttle to impoundment areas at the Kennedy Space Center and the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, where reconstruction teams separated the pieces of the Orbiter from those of the External Tank (ET) and the Solid Rocket Boosters...
Topics: Space Shuttle, Challenger STS-51-L, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Challenger, What --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2004-00003.html
NASA Images
image
eye 18,901
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Two N1 Moon rockets appear on the pads at Tyura-Tam in early July 1969. The N1 was designed for the Soviet space program human lunar missions. In the foreground is booster number 5L with a functional payload for a lunar-orbiting mission. In the background is the IMI ground test mock-up of the N1 for rehearsing parallel launch operations. After take-off the rocket collapsed back onto the pad, destroying the entire pad area in a massive explosion. Publication information: Image from the files of...
Topics: Rocket Launches, Soviet Launch Vehicles, What -- Moon
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000188.html
NASA Images
by NASA
image
eye 11,701
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Sputnik 2 is shown with its unique payload shroud at the launch pad at Tyura-Tam on November 3, 1957. Warm air was piped into the capsule to keep the dog Layka, the first living being to reach orbit, comfortable amid the freezing temperatures. Rising temperatures due to thermal control problems killed Layka on the fourth day of the mission. Publication information: Image from the files of Peter Gorin. Image and caption from Challenge to Apollo: The Soviet Union and the Space Race, 1945-1974...
Topics: Rocket Launches, Soviet Launch Vehicles, What -- Sputnik 2
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000182.html
NASA Images
by NASA
image
eye 8,364
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On January 28, 1986, the Space Shuttle Challenger and her seven-member crew were lost when a ruptured O-ring in the right Solid Rocket Booster caused an explosion soon after launch. On this mission, the Space Shuttle Challenger's payload bay carried an Inertial Upper Stage (IUS) rocket that was to launch an attached Tracking and Data Relay Satellite (TDRS) from space. Search and recovery teams lifted pieces of the 40,000- pound IUS/TDRS from the Atlantic Ocean. Although the pieces were badly...
Topics: Space Shuttle, Challenger STS-51-L, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Challenger, What --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2004-00007.html
NASA Images
by NASA/Apollo
image
eye 8,093
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This oblique view of the Moon's surface was photographed by the Apollo 10 astronauts in May of 1969. Center point coordinates are located at 16 degrees, 2 minutes east longitude and 0 degrees, 3 minutes north latitude. One of the Apollo 10 astronauts attached a 250mm lens and aimed a handheld 70mm camera at the surface from lunar orbit for a series of pictures in this area.
Topics: Earths Moon, Apollo 10, What -- Apollo 10
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-001485.html
NASA Images
image
eye 7,888
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On January 28, 1986, the Space Shuttle Challenger and her seven-member crew were lost when a ruptured O-ring in the right Solid Rocket Booster caused an explosion soon after launch. Among over forty other pieces of Space Shuttle Challenger's Solid Rocket Boosters (SRB), search and recovery teams located this joint from the right hand side, which retained traces of O-ring seal tracks. Samples of the track material underwent chemical analysis that indicated that they were not composed of degraded...
Topics: Space Shuttle, Challenger STS-51-L, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Challenger, What --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2004-00010.html
NASA Images
by NASA
image
eye 7,284
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On the left is the early test variant of the Soviet N1 rocket as originally conceived in the mid-1960s. On the right is a slightly modified version designed in the early 1970s. The main external differences were in the fairing at the bottom of the first stage and the length of the vertical conduits on the first and second stages. Publication information: Image under copyright by Peter Gorin. Image and caption from Challenge to Apollo: The Soviet Union and the Space Race, 1945- 1974 (NASA...
Topic: Soviet Launch Vehicles
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000183.html
NASA Images
by NASA
image
eye 6,759
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The 363-foot tall Apollo 15 Saturn V is launched from Pad A, Launch Complex 39, Kennedy Space Center, Florida, at 9:34:00.79 a.m., July 26, 1971, on a lunar landing mission. Note that the launch is reflected in a body of water across from the launch complex.
Topics: Rocket Launches, Apollo 15, What -- Apollo 15, What -- Saturn, Where -- Kennedy Space Center (KSC),...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-001115.html
NASA Images
by NASA/Apollo
image
eye 6,405
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This oblique view featuring International Astronomical Union (IAU) Crater 302 on the Moon surface was photographed by the Apollo 10 astronauts in May of 1969. Note the terraced walls of the crater and central cone. Center point coordinates are located at 162 degrees, 2 minutes east longitude and 10 degrees, 1 minute south latitude. One of the Apollo 10 astronauts aimed a handheld 70mm camera at the surface from lunar orbit for a series of pictures in this area.
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Topics: Earths Moon, Apollo 10, What -- Crater, What -- Moon, What -- Apollo 10
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-001487.html
NASA Images
by NASA
image
eye 6,355
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An early space station concept drawing. The station was designed as a laboratory to study the physical and behavioral effects of prolonged space flight, and could have possibly been crewed by 50 people. This particular image appeared in the 1959 Space The New Frontier brochure produced by NASA.
Topic: space station concepts
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00112.html
NASA Images
image
eye 5,647
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This image shows an aerial view of NASA Dock at Michoud Assembly Facility (MAF) with four barges, (left to right) Paleamon, Promise, Poseidon, and Orion. The barges ferried Saturn IB and Saturn V stages between Marshall Space Center (MSFC); Michoud Assembly Facility (MAF); Mississippi Test Facility (MTF, currently Stennis Space Center); and Kennedy Space Center (KSC).
Topics: Aerial Photographs, What -- Poseidon, What -- Orion, What -- Saturn, Where -- Michoud Assembly...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-000047.html
NASA Images
by NASA
image
eye 5,268
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After a brief stint in the printing business, Orville and Wilbur Wright decided to open a bicycle shop together. After initially only selling and repairing bicycles in Dayton, Ohio, the Wright brothers began to make modifications on bicycles and to build their own models. They also took custom orders from their patrons. Still used today, their revolutionary oil-retaining wheel hub and coaster brakes made early bicycling easier and more comfortable. This photograph shows the Wright Cycle shop as...
Topics: Miscellaneous-1, Aerospace-Pioneers, Where -- Ohio, Where -- Michigan
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00068.html
NASA Images
by NASA
image
eye 5,207
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On January 28, 1986, the Space Shuttle Challenger and her seven-member crew were lost when a ruptured O-ring in the right Solid Rocket Booster caused an explosion soon after launch. After the accident, search and recovery teams worked for months to bring debris from Shuttle to impoundment areas at the Kennedy Space Center and the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, where reconstruction teams separated the pieces of the orbiter from those of the External Tank and the Solid Rocket Boosters. Taped...
Topics: Space Shuttle, Challenger STS-51-L, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Challenger, What --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2004-00002.html
NASA Images
image
eye 5,090
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On January 28, 1986, the Space Shuttle Challenger and her seven-member crew were lost when a ruptured O-ring in the right Solid Rocket Booster caused an explosion soon after launch. Using submarines and sonar, among other equipment, to scan the ocean floor for debris, search and recovery teams located many pieces of the Shuttle. Shown here is the forward skirt of the right Solid Rocket Booster (SRB), which transfers thrust loads from the SRB to the External Tank and contains much of the SRB's...
Topics: Space Shuttle, Challenger STS-51-L, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Challenger, What --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2004-00006.html
NASA Images
image
eye 4,768
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On January 28, 1986, the Space Shuttle Challenger and her seven-member crew were lost when a ruptured O-ring in the right Solid Rocket Booster caused an explosion soon after launch. Search and recovery teams lifted the Space Shuttle Main Engines (SSME) from the ocean after the accident and brought them to a storage building in Kennedy Space Center's Complex 39. Although impact with the ocean damaged some valves, the positions of others suggest that the SSME continued to operate until the...
Topics: Space Shuttle, Challenger STS-51-L, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Challenger, What --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2004-00008.html
NASA Images
image
eye 4,699
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Astronaut Buzz Aldrin, lunar module pilot of the first lunar landing mission, poses for a photograph beside the deployed United States flag during an Apollo 11 Extravehicular Activity (EVA) on the lunar surface. The Lunar Module (LM) is on the left, and the footprints of the astronauts are clearly visible in the soil of the Moon. Astronaut Neil A. Armstrong, commander, took this picture with a 70mm Hasselblad lunar surface camera. While astronauts Armstrong and Aldrin descended in the LM, the...
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Topics: Astronauts, Apollo 11, Who -- Buzz Aldrin, Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, What...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2001-000012.html
NASA Images
by NACA
image
eye 4,602
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The historical evolution of airfoil sections, 1908-1944. The last two shapes are low-drag sections designed to have laminar flow over 60 to 70 percent of chord on both the upper and lower surface.
Topics: NACA-LaRC, Aeronautical Research
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-001299.html
NASA Images
by NASA
image
eye 4,503
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On October 5, 1993, Langley's F-16XL High Lift jet was rolled out with a dynamic yellow and black paint job for Aero-Dynamic Flow Studies in High Speed Research.
Topic: Unique Aircraft
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-001925.html
NASA Images
image
eye 4,077
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This montage of images taken by the Voyager spacecraft of the planets and four of Jupiter's moons is set against a false-color Rosette Nebula with Earth's moon in the foreground. Studying and mapping Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and many of their moons, Voyager provided scientists with better images and data than they had ever had before or expected from the program. Although launched sixteen days after Voyager 2, Voyager 1's trajectory was a faster path, arriving at Jupiter in March 1979....
Topics: Planetary Astronomy, Voyager-Galileo, What -- Voyager 1, What -- Moon, What -- Jupiter, What --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-000006.html
NASA Images
image
eye 3,940
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This shows the evolution of Soviet space launch vehicles in the early years. From the left are the R-7 ICBM (Intercontinental Ballistic Missile), the Sputnik launcher, the Vostok launcher, and the Soyuz launcher. Publication information: Image under copyright by Peter Gorin. Image and caption from Challenge to Apollo: The Soviet Union and the Space Race, 1945- 1974 (NASA SP-2000-4408) by Asif A. Siddiqi. Please note that the image number assigned to this image is not an official NASA number. It...
Topic: Soviet Launch Vehicles
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000184.html
NASA Images
image
eye 3,735
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View of the debris from the Space Shuttle Columbia in the hangar at Barksdale Air Force Base in Shreveport, Louisiana. The debris was collected and cataloged prior to shipment to the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. For more information on STS-107, please see GRIN Columbia General Explanation [ http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GRINColumbiaGenExpl.html ]
Topics: Columbia STS-107, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Columbia, What -- STS-107, Where --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00075.html
NASA Images
by NASA
image
eye 3,733
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Flying board Voyagers 1 and 2 are identical "golden" records, carrying the story of Earth far into deep space. The 12 inch gold-plated copper discs contain greetings in 60 languages, samples of music from different cultures and eras, and natural and man-made sounds from Earth. They also contain electronic information that an advanced technological civilization could convert into diagrams and photographs. The cover of each gold plated aluminum jacket, designed to protect the record...
Topics: Voyager-Galileo, What -- Earth, What -- Voyager, Where -- Black Sea
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-001976.html
NASA Images
image
eye 3,714
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A close-up of Dr. Robert H. Goddard's gyroscope and associated parts used in the stabilization of the rocket tested April 19, 1932, in New Mexico. The rocket was also painted to show whether revolution about its axis occurred during flight. Dr. Goddard has been recognized as the father of American rocketry and as one of the pioneers in the theoretical exploration of space. Robert Hutchings Goddard, born in Worcester, Massachusetts, on October 5, 1882, was theoretical scientist as well as...
Topics: VIPs-People at NASA-NACA, Rocket Launches, Where -- New Mexico, Where -- Massachusetts, Where --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000137.html
NASA Images
by NASA
image
eye 3,377
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A vantage point from far above yields a dramatic view of an orbiter being demated from its stack inside the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB). The approximately 171,000 pound (77,566 kilogram) Orbiter is being hoisted by crane up and away from the 184 foot (56 meter) tall external tank/solid rocket booster stack. The vehicle will be tilted to fit through an opening 190 feet (58 meters) above the ground, then lowered to the VAB transfer aisle and installed atop the orbiter transporter. This...
Topics: Space Shuttle, What -- Atlantis, What -- STS-79
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-000782.html
NASA Images
image
eye 3,060
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On January 28, 1986, the Space Shuttle Challenger and her seven-member crew were lost when a ruptured O-ring in the right Solid Rocket Booster caused an explosion soon after launch. Among other debris found in the ocean, search and recovery teams located this piece of the right vertical stabilizer. Although the stabilizer's surface suffered some heat discoloration and burns, the inner aluminum structure showed no signs of having melted. Investigators found various pieces of material from other...
Topics: Space Shuttle, Challenger STS-51-L, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Challenger, What --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2004-00005.html
NASA Images
by NASA
image
eye 2,973
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The Apollo 10 (Spacecraft 106/Lunar Module 4/Saturn 505) space vehicle is launched from Pad B, Launch Complex 39, Kennedy Space Center at 12:49 p.m., May 18, 1969.
Topics: Rocket Launches, Apollo 10, What -- Apollo 10, Where -- Kennedy Space Center (KSC)
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-001502.html
NASA Images
by I. Snegirev
image
eye 2,963
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The original 1960 group of cosmonauts is shown in a photo from May 1961 at the seaside port of Sochi. The names of many of these men were considered state secrets for more than twenty-five years. Sitting in front from left to right: Pavel Popovich, Viktor Gorbatko, Yevgeniy Khrunov, Yuri Gagarin, Chief Designer Sergey Korolev, his wife Nina Koroleva with Popovich's daughter Natasha, Cosmonaut Training Center Director Yevgeniy Karpov, parachute trainer Nikolay Nikitin, and physician Yevgeniy...
Topics: Soviet People-Cosmonauts, Soviet People-Pioneers, Who -- Pavel Popovich, Who -- Viktor Gorbatko,...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000167.html
NASA Images
by NASA/GRC
image
eye 2,902
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Interior view of Drafting Room in Engine Research Building showing men at work at the Aircraft Engine Research Laboratory. This building was considered the research heart of NACA Lewis. It was built by the Sam W. Emerson Company and was completed in 1942. It is a multipurpose flexible space covering more than 4.25 acres and can be changed according to research priorities. The Aircraft Engine Research Center, Cleveland Ohio, is now known as the John H. Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field.
Topics: NACA-GRC-LRC, Aircraft Propulsion, Where -- Lewis Field, Where -- Ohio, Where -- Glenn Research...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-001447.html
NASA Images
by NASA
image
eye 2,848
favorite 1
comment 0
An Atlas vehicle is shown as it is raised into its launch gantry. This Atlas attempted to launch a Mercury spacecraft (without any astronauts aboard) into orbital flight. The launch vehicle developed 360,000 pounds of thrust and burned RP-1, a kerosene-like fuel, and liquid oxygen. It was about 60 feet in length and 10 feet in diameter at the tank section. This was the first attempt by NASA to put a Mercury spacecraft into Earth orbit. Unfortunately, this Atlas exploded at launch. Atlas was...
Topics: Atlas, What -- Atlas, What -- Mercury, What -- Earth, What -- SCORE, What -- Centaur, What --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00039.html
NASA Images
by NASA
image
eye 2,772
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Submitted in 1903, the Wright brothers finally received this patent in 1906 for their airplane that they tested in North Carolina. Their application included detailed descriptions of their aeronautical innovations. With the receipt of their patent, the Wrights had control over their design- they could grant or deny permission to use their design and were entitled to a royalty. Nevertheless, the Wrights started a large legal suit against Glenn Curtiss after he designed a plane that had many of...
Topics: Miscellaneous-1, Aerospace-Pioneers, Where -- North Carolina
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00067.html
NASA Images
by NASA
image
eye 2,645
favorite 1
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Robert H. Goddard with vacuum tube apparatus he built in 1916 to research rocket efficiency. Dr. Robert Hutchings Goddard is commonly referred to as the father of American rocketry. The same year he built the apparatus, Goddard wrote a study requesting funding from the Smithsonian Institution so that he could continue his rocket research, which he had begun in 1907 while still a student at Worcester Polytechnic Institute. A brilliant physicist, with a unique genius for invention, Goddard may...
Topic: Rocket Propulsion
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-001338.html
NASA Images
by NASA
image
eye 2,579
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comment 0
The prime crew of the first manned Apollo space mission from left to right are: Command Module pilot, Don F. Eisele, Commander, Walter M. Schirra Jr. and Lunar Module pilot, Walter Cunningham. The photograph was taken inside the White Room which is attached to the crew access arm. From here astronauts ingress and egress the spacecraft. Commander Wally Schirra Jr. is seen inside the opening of the Command Module's main hatch.
Topics: Astronauts, Apollo 7, Who -- Walter Cunningham, Who -- Wally Schirra, What -- Apollo 7
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-001160.html
NASA Images
image
eye 2,499
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Astronauts Rick D. Husband (left) and William C. McCool, STS-107 mission Commander and Pilot, respectively, give a "thumbs-up" as they await a training session in one of the trainer/mockups (out of frame) in the Space Vehicle Mockup Facility at the Johnson Space Center. Husband and McCool are wearing training versions of the full-pressure launch and entry suit. For more information on STS-107, please see GRIN Columbia General Explanation [...
Topics: Columbia STS-107, Who -- Rick D. Husband, Who -- William C. McCool, What -- STS-107, What --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00088.html
NASA Images
by NASA
image
eye 2,483
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comment 0
NASA's Virtual Airport Tower is located at the Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California. The Virtual Airport Tower's two-story structure is a full-scale, highly sophisticated simulation facility that will emulate Level 5 air traffic control towers and the busiest airports. It provides the platform to conduct in-depth human factors studies with quantifiable results using actual air traffic controllers, airline dispatchers and airport managers.
Topics: Simulators, Air Traffic Control, Where -- Ames Research Center (ARC), Where -- California
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-001770.html
NASA Images
by NASA
image
eye 2,455
favorite 1
comment 0
The Pioneer F spacecraft, destined to be the first man made object to escape from the solar system into interstellar space, carries this pictorial plaque. It is designed to show scientifically educated inhabitants of some other star system, who might intercept it millions of years from now, when Pioneer was launched, from where, and by what kind of beings. (With the hope that they would not invade Earth.) The design is etched into a 6 inch by 9 inch gold-anodized aluminum plate, attached to the...
Topics: Space Probes, What -- Earth, What -- Sun, What -- Unity, What -- Mars, What -- Jupiter
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-001623.html
NASA Images
image
eye 2,401
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comment 0
On January 28, 1986, the Space Shuttle Challenger and her seven-member crew were lost when a ruptured O-ring in the right Solid Rocket Booster caused an explosion soon after launch. After investigators concluded their report on the accident, the debris was moved from Kennedy Space Center's Complex 39 to permanent storage in two secure abandoned Minuteman Missile silos at Complex 31 on the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station.
Topics: Space Shuttle, Challenger STS-51-L, What -- Space Shuttle Orbiter, What -- Challenger, What --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2004-00014.html
NASA Images
by NASA
image
eye 2,349
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comment 0
This is a model of the military Almaz space station on display. This model is of the original variant of the space station, with the large Gemini-shaped reentry capsule attached on the forward end (to the right). This capsule was later deleted from the station. The folded-up solar panels are on the left, surrounding the single docking port of the station. Almaz was the Soviet Ministry of Defense's Earth-orbital complex where cosmonauts would conduct scientific activities and experiments as well...
Topics: Soviet-Spacecraft, What -- Almaz 1, What -- Gemini, What -- Earth, What -- Salyut 2
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000189.html
NASA Images
by NASA
image
eye 2,325
favorite 1
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This image, drawn in 1970, is an artist's rendering of the Pioneer 10 spacecraft trajectory, with the planets labeled and a list of the instruments that were intended to be flown. Before the use of computer animation, artists were hired by JPL and NASA to depict a spacecraft in flight, for use as a visual aid to promote the project during development. Pioneer 10 was managed by NASA Ames Research Center in Moffett Field, California. The Pioneer F spacecraft, as it was known before launch, was...
Topics: Space Probes, What -- Pioneer 10, What -- Deep Space Network, What -- Mars, What -- Jupiter, What...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00066.html
NASA Images
by NASA
image
eye 2,297
favorite 0
comment 0
First designed in 1959, this NASA seal has commonly been known as the "meatball" logo. After an official seal was designed, this emblem proposed by James Modarelli, the head of Lewis? Research Reports Division, was used as the more informal of the two. The sphere represents a planet, the stars symbolize space, and the red chevron signifies aeronautics (the latest design in hypersonic wings in 1959) with an orbiting spacecraft around the wing. Please see NASA "Meatball" Logo...
Topic: Miscellaneous
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000195.html
NASA Images
by NASA
image
eye 2,296
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comment 0
View of Earth limb horizon during sunrise with Mars and Venus rising.
Topics: Space Shuttle, What -- Earth, What -- Mars, What -- Venus
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-001047.html
NASA Images
image
eye 2,214
favorite 1
comment 0
In 1985, a British scientist working in Antarctica discovered a 40 percent loss in the ozone layer over the continent. When Goddard Space Flight Center researchers reviewed their data, they confirmed the ozone loss. Since then, scientists have relied on instrumentation developed by Goddard to keep track of the environmental phenomenon, which in the 1990s prompted a worldwide ban on chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), a chemical used for refrigeration and other industrial uses. In this image, the...
Topics: Planet-Earth, Earth Science, What -- Sun, Where -- Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC)
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000117.html
NASA Images
image
eye 2,153
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The Challenger crewmember remains are being transferred from 7 hearse vehicles to a MAC C-141 transport plane at the Kennedy Space Center's Shuttle Landing Facility for transport to Dover Air Force Base, Delaware. The STS-51L crew consisted of: Mission Specialist, Ellison S. Onizuka, Teacher in Space Participant Sharon Christa McAuliffe, Payload Specialist, Greg Jarvis and Mission Specialist, Judy Resnik. In the front row from left to right: Pilot Mike Smith, Commander, Dick Scobee and Mission...
Topics: Astronauts, Space Shuttle, Challenger, Who -- Dick Scobee, What -- Challenger, What -- STS-51,...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-001480.html
NASA Images
by NASA, J.J. Hester Arizona State University
image
eye 2,153
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This is an image of a small portion of the Cygnus Loop supernova remnant, which marks the edge of a bubble-like, expanding blast wave from a colossal stellar explosion, occurring about 15,000 years ago. The HST image shows the structure behind the shock waves, allowing astronomers for the first time to directly compare the actual structure of the shock with theoretical model calculations. Besides supernova remnants, these shock models are important in understanding a wide range of astrophysical...
Topics: Deep Space Studies, Hubble, What -- Cygnus, What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Advanced...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-000992.html
NASA Images
by NASA
image
eye 2,142
favorite 3
comment 0
A giant photo map of the contiguous 48 states of the United States, the first ever assembled from satellite images, completed for NASA by the U.S. Department of Agriculture Soil Conservation Service Cartographic Division. The map is 10 by 16 feet, is composed of 595 cloud-free black-and-white images returned from NASA's first Earth Resources Technology Satellite (ERTS-1). The images were all taken at the same altitude (912 kilometers: 560 miles) and the same lighting angle. The images were...
Topics: Earth Science, What -- Earth, Where -- United States of America
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00031.html
NASA Images
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On December 17, 1903, at 10:30 am at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, this airplane arose for a few seconds to make the first powered, heavier-than-air controlled flight in history. The first flight lasted 12 seconds and flew a distance of 120 feet. Orville Wright piloted the historic flight while his brother, Wilbur, observed. The brothers took three other flights that day, each flight lasting longer than the other with the final flight going a distance of 852 feet in 59 seconds. This flight was...
Topics: Unique Aircraft, Early Aerospace-Pioneers, Where -- North Carolina
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000128.html
NASA Images
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This digital mosaic of cloud pictures was taken by the Environmental Science Services Administration (ESSA) 5 satellite on September 14, 1967. It shows more than a dozen storm areas, including hurricanes Beulah, Dora, Chloe, Monica, and Nannette. The picture signals, received in analog form from the satellite, were sampled at short time intervals, and numbers were assigned according to the brightness indicated by the basic signal. The computer then located each digital value and precise map...
Topics: Earth Science, What -- ESSA 5, Where -- Florida
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00024.html
NASA Images
by NASA/Fred Lingelbach, Richard Loomis ODVisit by General Dwight Eisenhower
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A 1946 visit by General Dwight Eisenhower to the Aircraft Engine Research Laboratory now known as John H. Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field, Cleveland, Ohio. Center Director, Edward "Ray" Sharp looks on in the background.
Topics: Presidents, Aircraft Propulsion, Where -- Glenn Research Center (GRC), Where -- Lewis Field, Where...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-000370.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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Astronaut John L. Swigert Jr., command module pilot, is lifted aboard a helicopter in a Billy Pugh helicopter rescue net while astronaut James A. Lovell Jr., commander, awaits his turn. Astronaut Fred W. Haise, Jr., lunar module pilot, is already aboard the helicopter. In the life raft with Lovell, and in the water are several U.S. Navy underwater demolition team swimmers, who assisted in the recovery operations. The crew was taken to the U.S.S. Iwo Jima, prime recovery ship, several minutes...
Topics: Astronauts, Spacecraft Landings, Apollo Spacecraft, Apollo 13, What -- Apollo 13
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000052.html
NASA Images
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The first African-American woman in space, Dr. Mae C. Jemison was born on October 17, 1956 in Decatur, Alabama but considers Chicago, Illinois her hometown. She received a Bachelor in Chemical Engineering (and completed the requirements for a Bachelor in African and Afro-American studies) at Stanford University in 1977. Dr. Jemison also received a Doctorate degree in medicine from Cornell University in 1981. After medical school she did post graduate medical training at the Los Angeles County...
Topics: Astronauts, Women, What -- STS-47, What -- Earth, Where -- Alabama, Where -- Chicago, Where --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2004-00020.html
NASA Images
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The Group for the Investigation of Reactive Engines and Reactive Flight (GIRD, the Russian acronym) team is shown here in 1933 feeding liquid oxygen to the "09." the first Soviet liquid- propellant rocket. From left to right are Sergey Korolev, Nikolay Yefremov, and Yuriy Pobedonostsev. A growing interest in rocketry and space exploration arose in the 1920s and 1930s. In 1931 a group of amateurs interested in space travel gathered in Moscow to form GIRD. The Soviet government did not...
Topics: Soviet People-Pioneers, Rocket launches, Rocket propulsion, What -- Moon, Where -- Moscow
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000160.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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View of the Earth as seen by the Apollo 17 crew traveling toward the Moon. This translunar coast photograph extends from the Mediterranean Sea area to the Antarctica South polar ice cap. This is the first time the Apollo trajectory made it possible to photograph the South polar ice cap. Note the heavy cloud cover in the Southern Hemisphere. Almost the entire coastline of Africa is clearly visible. The Arabian Peninsula can be seen at the Northeastern edge of Africa. The large island off the...
Topics: Earth Science, Apollo 17, What -- Earth, What -- Apollo 17, What -- Moon, What -- Polar, Where --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-001138.html
NASA Images
by NASA/Tom Tschida
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The Helios Prototype is an enlarged version of the Centurion flying wing, which flew a series of test flights at Dryden in late 1998. The craft has a wingspan of 247 feet, 41 feet greater than the Centurion, 2 1/2 times that of its solar-powered Pathfinder flying wing and longer than either the Boeing 747 jetliner or Lockheed C-5 transport aircraft. It is one of several remotely-piloted aircraft-also known as uninhabited aerial vehicles or UAV's-being developed as technology demonstrators by...
Topics: Unique Aircraft, Where -- Monrovia
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-000198.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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Voyager 2 was launched August 20, 1977, sixteen days before Voyager 1 aboard a Titan-Centaur rocket. Their different flight trajectories caused Voyager 2 to arrive at Jupiter four months later than Voyager 1, thus explaining their numbering. The initial mission plan for Voyager 2 specified visits only to Jupiter and Saturn. The plan was augmented in 1981 to include a visit to Uranus, and again in 1985 to include a flyby of Neptune. After completing the tour of the outer planets in 1989, the...
Topics: Rocket Launches, Voyager-Galileo, What -- Voyager 1, What -- Titan, What -- Centaur, What --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-000002.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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The STS-107 crewmembers pose for an informal crew portrait near a T-38 trainer jet at Ellington Field near Johnson Space Center. From the left are astronauts Rick D. Husband, mission Commander; William C. McCool, pilot; David M. Brown, Laurel B. Clark, both mission Specialists; payload specialist Ilan Ramon; Michael P. Anderson and Kalpana Chawla, both mission specialists. For more information on STS-107, please see GRIN Columbia General Explanation [...
Topics: Columbia STS-107, Who -- Rick D. Husband, Who -- William C. McCool, Who -- David M. Brown, Who --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2003-00086.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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Historic photo of the Wright brothers' third test glider being launched at Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina, on October 10, 1902. Wilbur Wright is at the controls, Orville Wright is at left, and Dan Tate (a local resident and friend of the Wright brothers) is at right. The 1902 test gliders were extremely important to the development of the first powered airplane. The new glider design was based on the wind tunnel tests performed by the Wrights in 1901. The improvements to the glider included a...
Topics: Unique Aircraft, Early Aerospace-Pioneers, Where -- North Carolina
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000125.html
NASA Images
by NASA, Bruce Balick University of Washingtom, Vincent Icke Leiden
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M2-9 is a striking example of a "butterfly" or a bipolar planetary nebula. Another more revealing name might be the "Twin Jet Nebula." If the nebula is sliced across the star, each side of it appears much like a pair of exhausts from jet engines. Indeed, because of the nebula's shape and the measured velocity of the gas, in excess of 200 miles per second, astronomers believe that the description as a super-super-sonic jet exhaust is quite apt. This is much the same process...
Topics: Deep Space Studies, Hubble, What -- Constellation, What -- Camera 2
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-000953.html
NASA Images
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NASA research pilot John A. Manke is seen here in front of the M2-F3 lifting body. Manke was hired by NASA on May 25, 1962, as a flight research engineer. He was later assigned to the pilot's office and flew various support aircraft including the F-104, F-5D, F-111 and C-47. The M2-F3 reached a top speed of l,064 mph (Mach 1.6). Highest altitude reached by the vehicle was 7l,500 feet on December 21, 1972, the date of its last flight with NASA pilot John Manke at the controls. The information...
Topics: X-Series Aircraft, Lifting Bodies, Top 20 Dryden Aircraft, Who -- John A. Manke, What -- Space...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-000207.html
NASA Images
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This picture of the Earth and Moon in a single frame, the first of its kind ever taken by a spacecraft, was recorded September 18, 1977, but NASAs Voyager 1 when it was 7.25 million miles (11.66 million kilometers) from Earth. The moon is at the top of the picture and beyond the Earth as viewed by Voyager. In the picture are eastern Asia, the western Pacific Ocean and part of the Arctic. Voyager 1 was directly above Mt. Everest (on the night side of the planet at 25 degrees north latitude) when...
Topics: Planet-Earth, Earth Science, Earths Moon, Planetary Astronomy, Voyager-Galileo, What -- Earth, What...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000202.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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Dryden pilot Neil Armstrong is seen here next to the X-15 ship #1 (56-6670) after a research flight. The X-15 was a rocket-powered aircraft 50 feet long with a wingspan of 22 feet. It was a missile-shaped vehicle with an unusual wedge-shaped vertical tail, thin stubby wings, and unique side fairings that extended along the side of the fuselage. The X-15 was flown over a period of nearly 10 years, from June 1959 to October 1968. It set the world's unofficial speed and altitude records....
Topics: Astronauts, X-Series Aircraft, Top 20 Dryden Aircraft, Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, What -- Mercury,...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-000121.html
NASA Images
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Astronaut Edward H. White II, pilot for the Gemini-Titan 4 space flight, floats in space during America?s first spacewalk. The extravehicular activity (EVA) was performed during the Gemini 4 mission on June 3, 1965. White spent 23 minutes maneuvering around his spacecraft as Jim McDivitt remained inside the spacecraft. White is attached to the spacecraft by a 25-ft. umbilical line and a 23-ft. tether line, both wrapped in gold tape to form one cord. In his right hand, White carries a Hand-Held...
Topics: Astronauts, Gemini Program, EVAs-Spacewalks, What -- Gemini 4, What -- Titan, What -- Sun, What --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2006-000025.html
NASA Images
by NASA/Tony Landis
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This is the X-34 Technology Testbed Demonstrator being delivered to NASA Dryden Flight Research Center, Edwards, California. The X-34 will demonstrate key vehicle and operational technologies applicable to future low-cost resuable launch vehicles.
Topics: X-Series Aircraft, Where -- Dryden Flight Research Center (DFRC), Where -- California
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-000185.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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These three stills are from the external movie camera on the Soviet Voskhod 2, which recorded Aleksey Leonov's historic spacewalk on March 18, 1965. Leonov's EVA made him the first human to ever walk in space, giving the Soviet Union yet another space first. Publication information: Image from the files of Asif Siddiqi. Image and caption from Challenge to Apollo: The Soviet Union and the Space Race, 1945- 1974 (NASA SP-2000-4408) by Asif A. Siddiqi. Please note that the image number assigned to...
Topics: EVAs-Spacewalk, Soviet People-Cosmonauts, What -- Voskhod 2
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000176.html
NASA Images
by NASA/Jim Ross
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The F-15B in flight with the X-33 Thermal protection System (TPS) fixture mounted under its fuselage.
Topic: Unique Aircraft
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-000181.html
NASA Images
by Smithsonian Institution
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Amelia Earhart standing in front of the Lockheed Electra in which she disappeared in July 1937. Born in Atchison, Kansas in 1897, Amelia Earhart did not begin flying until after her move to California in 1920. After taking lessons from aviation pioneer Neta Snook in a Curtiss Jenny, Earhart set out to break flying records, breaking the women altitude records in 1922. Earhart continually promoted women in aviation and in 1928 was invited to be the first women to fly across the Atlantic....
Topics: Women, What -- Electra, Where -- Kansas, Where -- California, Where -- Hawaii, Where -- Florida,...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000211.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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This photograph taken on December 15, 1965 shows the Gemini 7 spacecraft as it was observed from the hatch window of the Gemini 6 spacecraft during rendezvous manuevers and station keeping at a distance of approximately 9 feet apart.
Topics: Mercury-Gemini Spacecraft, Gemini-Program, What -- Gemini 6, What -- Gemini 7
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-001049.html
NASA Images
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A rare photo showing artillery Colonel Georgiy Tyulin (left) and Sergey Korolev, the father of the Soviet space program, in Germany in 1946 during the A-4 missile recovery operations. Tyulin would rise swiftly in later years, becoming one of the most important managers of the Soviet space program in the 1960s. During World War II one of the most feared weapons was the German A-4, also known as the V-2, ballistic missile. After the end of the war the Allies tried to gather as much information...
Topics: Soviet People-Pioneers, Where -- Germany, Where -- United States of America
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000161.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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The planetary landing spacecraft Viking, which includes stereo cameras, a weather station, an automated stereo analysis laboratory and a biology instrument that can detect life, is under assembly at Martin Marietta Aerospace near Denver, Colorado. This Viking spacecraft will travel more than 460 million miles from Earth to a soft landing on Mars in 1976 to explore the surface and atmosphere of the red planet. Martin Marietta is prime and integration contractor for the Viking mission to NASA's...
Topics: Planet-Mars, Viking-Pathfinder-Sojourner, What -- Viking, What -- STEREO A, What -- Earth, What --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-001630.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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The Pilot Plasma Engine. This traveling wave accelerator, being operated by Raymond W. Plamer of the Lewis Electromagnetic Propulsion Division, uses an alternating current power supply. The AC feature avoids the life limitations of direct current accelerators where electrode parts rapidly deteriorate from touching the plasma. The traveling wave accelerator works like its name. A neutral plasma of electrons and ions is produced in the source at the left. This plasma moves to the right and is...
Topics: Rocket Propulsion, What -- Moon
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-001995.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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Sergey Korolev, founder of the Soviet space program, in July 1954 with a dog that just returned to Earth after a lob to an altitude of 100 kilometers on an R-1D scientific rocket. In 1951, the Soviet Union became the first country to safely recover a living organism after a flight in space. In 1957, a dog, Layka, became the first living organism to reach Earth's orbit. Traveling aboard Sputnik 2, rising temperatures due to thermal control problems killed Layka on the fourth day of the mission....
Topics: Soviet People-Pioneers, What -- Earth, What -- Sputnik 2
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000163.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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A pensive Yuri Gagarin is in the bus on the way to the launch pad on the morning of April 12, 1961. Behind him, seated, is his backup, German Titov. Standing are cosmonauts Grigoriy Nelyubov and Andrian Nikolayev. Yuri Gagarin was born on March 9, 1934 in a town outside of Moscow, Russia. After graduating from secondary school in 1949, Gagarin went to several technical schools before joining the Orenburg Higher Air Force School in 1955. He began his cosmonaut training in 1960, along with 19...
Topics: Soviet People-Cosmonauts, Who -- Yuri Gagarin, Who -- Andrian Nikolayev, What -- Vostok 1, What --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000168.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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Astronaut Buzz Aldrin, lunar module pilot, walks on the surface of the Moon near the leg of the Lunar Module (LM) "Eagle" during the Apollo 11 exravehicular activity (EVA). Astronaut Neil A. Armstrong, commander, took this photograph with a 70mm lunar surface camera. While astronauts Armstrong and Aldrin descended in the Lunar Module (LM) "Eagle" to explore the Sea of Tranquility region of the Moon, astronaut Michael Collins, command module pilot, remained with the Command...
Topics: Astronauts, Apollo 11, Who -- Buzz Aldrin, Who -- Neil A. Armstrong, Who -- Michael Collins, What...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2001-000013.html
NASA Images
by NASA/J.P.Harrington and K.J.Borkowski University of Maryland
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This NASA Hubble Space Telescope image shows one of the most complex planetary nebulae ever seen, NGC 6543, nicknamed the "Cat's Eye Nebula." Hubble reveals surprisingly intricate structures including concentric gas shells, jets of high-speed gas and unusual shock-induced knots of gas. Estimated to be 1,000 years old, the nebula is a visual "fossil record" of the dynamics and late evolution of a dying star. A preliminary interpretation suggests that the star might be a...
Topics: Deep Space Studies, Hubble, What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What -- Wide Field Planetary...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-000955.html
NASA Images
by NASA/Fred Lingelbach
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Skilled machinists and toolmakers use precision machinery to make experimental engine parts at the Aircraft Engine Research Laboratory of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, Cleveland, Ohio in 1946. The facility is now known as John H. Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field.
Topics: NACA-GRC-LRC, Aircraft Propulsion, Where -- Ohio, Where -- Glenn Research Center (GRC), Where --...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-000364.html
NASA Images
by Ernie Walker
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Project Mercury - Capsule #2. Capsule complete in Lewis Hangar near Cleveland, Ohio. Lewis is now known as the Glenn Research Center.
Topics: Mercury-Program, Mercury-Gemini Spacecraft, What -- Mercury, Where -- Ohio, Where -- Glenn Research...
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2000-000382.html
NASA Images
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It is hard to imagine the evening news without satellite imagery. But in 1960, space-based meteorology was in its formative stages, still to be proven. One of the earliest groups to transfer to the newly organized Goddard Space Flight Center was a group from the Army Signal Corps, which developed the nation's first weather satellite called the Television Infrared Observation Satellite (TIROS). With the launch of TIROS-1 from Cape Canaveral on April 1, 1960, scientists immediately saw the...
Topics: Earth Science, What -- TIROS 1, Where -- Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC)
Source: http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/ABSTRACTS/GPN-2002-000116.html